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3rd party candidates: An in-depth look at who else is running for president

3rd party candidates third party with jade simmons.jpg
3rd party candidates: An in-depth look at who else is running for president. (Various candidates, edited by KUTV, used with permission)

(UPDATE 10/29/20) -- On Thursday, 2News interviewed an additional presidential candidate, Jade Simmons, who reached out to request an interview after seeing this story. You can see Simmons' interview below, between our sections on Brock Pierce and Kanye West, or you can see an in-depth look at Simmons here.

SALT LAKE CITY (KUTV) — America's presidential political landscape has been dominated by two parties for the past 170 years.

The last time a president was elected who wasn't a Democrat or a Republican was in 1848, when Whig candidate Zachary Taylor was elected. He died one year into his term, leaving Millard Fillmore as the last president who wasn't a Republican or Democrat to hold the office. Theodore Roosevelt, who held the presidency as a Republican, switched to the Progressive Party when he ran for president in 1912 and lost.

In 2016, Libertarian Gary Johnson received 4.84 million votes - that's 3.28% of the vote, the most ever for a Libertarian candidate. Similarly, Green Party candidate Jill Stein received 1.45 million votes in 2016, giving her a little more than 1% of the vote.

In 1992, Ross Perot famously captured 19.74 million votes -- 18.91% of the vote when he ran as an independent. Many political science experts say Perot's candidacy cost George H.W. Bush reelection when Democrat Bill Clinton won. Perot also severely damaged his candidacy when he dropped out of the race in July 1992 before reentering in October.

There have only been two third-party candidates to secure any electoral college votes (excluding those who secured electoral votes via faithless electors) since the end of World War II. In 1948, Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond won 39 electoral votes and four southern states: Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia. He also won one electoral vote from Tennessee. In 1968, American Independent George Wallace picked up five southern states (Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia) carrying 46 electoral votes.

2News Special Projects Producer Adam Forgie interviewed seven of the top nine presidential candidates. We did not speak with neither Kanye West nor Brian T. Carroll, who both failed to respond to repeated requests for an interview.

Scroll through this story to see details and policies of the top nine third-party candidates, which are in order below based on ballot access:

JO JORGENSEN - LIBERTARIAN PARTY

Name: Joanne Marie Jorgensen
Born: May 1, 1957 (age 63), Libertyville, Illinois
Home state: South Carolina
Education: Baylor University (BS), Southern Methodist University (MBA), Clemson University (PhD)
Website: jo20.com
Running mate: Spike Cohen
Ballot access: On ballot in all 50 states

Bio: Dr. Jo Jorgensen, who holds a Ph.D. in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the Clemson University, where she is a senior lecturer in psychology, is the only candidate besides Trump or Biden who will appear on the ballot in all 50 states. This isn't Jorgensen's first run on a presidential ticket. In 1996, she was Libertarian Party vice-presidential nominee alongside Harry Browne. Four years before that, she ran on the Libertarian ticket in South Carolina's 4th Congressional District, where she received 2.2% of the vote. Jorgensen joined the Libertarian Party in 1983.

As you would expect from a Libertarian candidate, Jorgensen wants to make government smaller. Much smaller. Her goal is to turn America "into one giant Switzerland, armed and neutral," and part of her plan to do that would be to bring U.S. troops home from across the globe, as well as removing foreign aid to all countries. Jorgensen also supports pardoning all prisoners convicted of "non-violent victimless crimes," ending federal civil asset forfeiture, and bringing and end to the war on drugs. She also strongly opposes taxes and believes that smaller government will mean less taxes across the board.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Economy/Jobs:

State government mandates to close hundreds of thousands of small businesses, which threw millions of people out of work, failed to curtail COVID-19 infection rates. America now needs a swift economic recovery. We can accomplish this by ending the many ways in which government stands in the way of job creation: massive over-regulation, occupational licensing, government permitting and zoning requirements, and high government spending.”

Healthcare:

Republican and Democratic policies over the past fifty years are the reason health care has become so expensive. Their latest proposals to ‘fix’ health care will further micromanage your doctors and restrict your access to care while failing to solve the underlying problem. They differ only on whether this should be done by private insurance companies or government bureaucrats. This is the exact opposite of what needs to be done. We can reduce the cost of health care 75% by allowing real price competition, and by substantially reducing government and insurance company paperwork. This will make health care affordable for most Americans, while also reducing the cost of legacy programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and the VA.”

Immigration:

As President, I will dismantle all tariffs and any other trade barriers which prevent the flow of goods and services into our country. Americans deserve the best, and it does not matter from where the best may come. It’s about making sure that the American economy is working smarter rather than harder. Rather than wasting valuable resources and trying to match countries who are better able to perform in certain industries, our economy should be geared toward what we do best."
Our policies on immigration should be just as free and open. While the ethnicities and countries of origin have changed, the American legacy of what immigration is supposed to be remains the same: different cultures held together by the values of inclusion and acceptance; a shining city upon a hill welcoming the tired, poor, and huddled masses."

Climate Change/Environment:

I will work to remove government barriers to replacing coal burning and oil burning powerplants in the United States with safe, non-polluting, high-tech nuclear powerplants and allowing off-grid use of solar power. Worldwide, I believe we need to consider all scientific and economic knowledge to care for our environment and not cherry-pick data to support a pre-determined outcome. Most pollution is generated in developing countries, so reducing pollution worldwide requires cost-efficient, zero-emission energy sources like nuclear.”

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

One of the biggest factors that led to a quadrupling of our prison population since 1980 is the racist and destructive War on Drugs. Although states incarcerate the majority of people in prison in the US, major reforms can start at the federal level, and it is the president’s job to lead the way. Fewer than 5% of federal prisoners’ most serious convictions were violent offenses. Meanwhile, drug offenses are the primary conviction for half of the federal prison population. Immigration and weapons offenses account for another 25 percent. In particular, mandatory minimums have taken discretion out of the hands of judges and instead forced mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters to be put in jail for 10, 20 years, even for life for a supposed crime that has no victim. All we have to do is take a step back to the Prohibition era to see the parallels. Despite realizing how poorly alcohol prohibition went, we have replaced it with a carbon copy. Drug kingpins have replaced mob bosses and drug dens have replaced speakeasies."

HOWIE HAWKINS - GREEN PARTY

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Name: Howard Gresham Hawkins
Born: December 8, 1952 (age 67)
Home state: New York
Education: Dartmouth (attended but did not earn degree)
Website: howiehawkins.us
Running mate: Angela Walker
Ballot access: On ballot: 29 states + D.C. (381 electoral votes), Write-in: 17 states (133 electoral votes)

Bio: Howie Hawkins co-founded the Green Party in 2001 several years after joining the green movement in the 1980s. A retired teamster trade unionist and environmental activist, Hawkins was a leader of anti-war, anti-nuclear, and pro-worker movements of the 1960s. Hawkins dubs himself the "original Green New Dealer" saying he was the first U.S. candidate to campaign for a "Green New Deal" in 2010. Hawkins has run as a Green Party candidate in numerous New York elections including for U.S. Senate in 2006, governor in 2010 and 2014, U.S. House in 2008, as well as numerous local positions in Syracuse, N.Y.

Hawkins supports a socialist economy which would include public ownership of big banks and big industries, worker cooperatives, a public monetary authority, and "production for use within ecological limits." Hawkins is also a pacifist who wants to cut the military budget by 75% and use that money for a Green New Deal. He supports bringing all U.S. troops home and "ending the endless wars" and wants to use diplomacy and international law to "promote peace, human rights, and democracy." Hawkins also wants to pledge "no first use" of nuclear weapons while working to enact a treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons worldwide. He also supports reparations to African Americans for slavery.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Economy/Jobs:

The Economic Bill of Rights will end poverty and economic despair. Inequality kills. The life expectancies of working class Americans have been declining in recent years. The life expectancy gap between our richest and poorest counties have been increasing since 1980 and is now 21 years. After five decades of stagnant hourly wages, working-class people are dying form what are now called “deaths of despair” from suicide, alcohol and drug abuse, and behavior-related diseases among people whose long-term social and economic prospects are bleak. The Economic Bill of Rights is integral to our Ecosocialist Green New Deal. The Economic Bill of Rights makes it the responsibility of the federal government to guarantee the following economic human rights: A Living-Wage Job, an income above poverty, affordable housing, comprehensive health care, lifelong free public education, and a secure retirement."

Healthcare:

The first and most basic step that needs to be taken in order to create a functioning healthcare system that is universal, improves health, and controls costs is to decommodify health care. Health care does not belong in the marketplace."The Hawkins Healthcare Plan treats health care as a human right and a public good. It starts by immediately implementing National Health Insurance, what is commonly called today a single-payer, improved Medicare for All. In the second phase, it builds out a National Health Service where health care facilities are publicly owned, health care workers are salaried, and the system is governed by community boards elected by the public (two-thirds of the seats) and health care workers (one-third of the seats)."

Immigration:

The inhumanity of US immigration policy came to broad public attention in 2018 with the news coverage of forced separations of young children from their families on the southern US border. These crimes against humanity only underscored the long-standing brutality of US immigration policy, which has treated people from Mexico and Central America in particular as cheap labor to be imported or deported based on US labor demand, like apartheid South Africa once used Bantustans. We will demand open borders where movement between nations is free, like it is in the European Union. International borders should be authentic fair-trade zones where people are free to travel across borders for work, shopping, or recreation. People crossing international borders would be required to present their identification at a border crossing. Only people wanted for criminal charges or terrorist organization affiliation would be detained."

Climate Change/Environment:

Our ecosocialist Green New Deal encompasses two major programs, an Economic Bill of Rights and a Green Economy Reconstruction Program. The Economic Bill of Rights will finally fulfill President Roosevelt’s 1944 call upon Congress to develop programs to secure basic economic human rights for all. The Green Economy Reconstruction Program will not only build a 100% clean energy system by 2030, but will reconstruct all economic sectors for ecological sustainability, from agriculture and manufacturing to housing and transportation. The Economic Bill of Rights will be realized through ongoing programs of public provision. The Green Economy Reconstruction Program will be realized through a plan of public capital investments of 10 to 20 years depending on the sector. Implementing the Green New Deal will require ecosocialism—social ownership in key sectors in order to democratically plan the coordinated reconstruction of all economic sectors for ecological sustainability."

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

Our civil liberties and political rights are under assault by an expanding carceral surveillance state. The US has the highest incarceration rate of any country in the world. Mass surveillance by the National Security Agency captures our electronic communications, including text messages, web browsing, emails, and international phone calls. Whistleblowers are bullied into silence by prosecutions under the 1917 Espionage Act. National Defense Authorization Acts since 2012 have included provisions to disappear US citizens into indefinite detention without charge or trial.I will prioritize a freedom and democracy agenda, including an end to the war on drugs and the over-policing of minority communities, funding public defenders and legal services, bail abolition, speedy trial, open file discovery, ending warrantless surveillance, ending the persecution of whistleblowers, and ending preventive detention. Ban private prisons. Implement a moratorium on prison construction. Redirect funds to alternatives to incarceration. Provide incarcerated individuals the right to vote by absentee ballot in the district of their domicile, and the right to vote during parole."

GLORIA LA RIVA - PARTY FOR SOCIALISM AND LIBERATION

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Name: Gloria Estela La Riva
Born: August 13, 1954 (age 66)
Home state: California
Education: Brandeis
Website: lariva2020.org
Running mate: Sunil Freeman
Ballot access: On ballot (red): 14 states + D.C. (195 electoral votes), Write-in (pink): (5 states, 77 electoral votes)

Bio: San Francisco community and antiwar activist Gloria La Riva, a huge fan of Fidel Castro (she translated one of his books), is no stranger to running for office -- this is her tenth time running for either president or vice president for the Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL) or Workers World Party, of which she was previously a member. The PSL is a communist party looking to lead a revolution making the government a socialist regime run by "working people." La Riva and her PSL both follow the ideals of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. La Riva is known for organizing "many mass demonstrations and other actions opposing the wars and occupation in Central America, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan, Yugoslavia and elsewhere," according to her website. She has also worked to "defend Cuba’s sovereignty and against the U.S. blockade. She was awarded Cuba’s Friendship Medal in 2010, approved by the Council of State, for her many years of Cuba solidarity, and was the coordinator of the National Committee to Free the Cuban Five, Cuban heroes unjustly imprisoned in the U.S. for defending Cuba from U.S.-sponsored terrorism."

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Economy/Jobs:

Eliminating the tyranny of private corporate profit as the dominant feature controlling economic development opens the door to true working-class democracy. That is what we mean by 'people over profits.' Rational social and economic planning, rather than production for the “market,” is the only method for the implementation of scientifically supported solutions to global warming. The vast wealth of the giant banks and corporations is created by workers labor and the exploitation of the world's diminishing natural resources. The billionaires looted and destroyed the economy. It is time to seize their assets and use those resources in the interests of the vast majority. Power must be taken out of the hands of the super rich, and Wall Street criminals must be jailed."

Healthcare:

One in seven people in the United States are denied access to health care--47 million people in the world’s richest country. Most of the 250 million insured are criminally underinsured. Each year, over 100,000 people in the United States die from preventable health complications. None of the major presidential candidates pledge to implement what the people of the Unites States really need: free, universal access to quality health care. All the major candidates are stooges for corporations. Creating a universal healthcare system would eliminate the huge costs (and the constant stress created by them) that many retired and disabled people are forced to pay for medicines and treatment in general."

Immigration:

Abolish all anti-immigrant laws. Stop the raids and deportations and demonization of immigrants. Shut down ICE and the concentration camps and reunite families. The government's war on immigrants must end. The border wall must be dismantled. Amnesty and citizenship for those without documents. Full rights for all! All undocumented immigrants and residents in the United States should have full rights and equality now. That means equal wages, benefits, union rights, voting rights, and access to free, quality education, housing and health care. The government’s war on immigrants must end. Racist home and job raids must be stopped and concentration camp-style detention centers must be dismantled."

Climate Change/Environment:

Global warming, environmental racism polluting our neighborhoods, acidified and depleted oceans, fracking, critical drought, plastics choking the seas, nuclear weapons and waste -- it is clear that capitalism and production for profit are destroying the planet and threatening all life. Harnessing the earth's renewable resources of sea, wind and solar power to create sustainable energy, seizing the oil and coal companies to stop their fossil- fuel pollution, stopping nuclear weapons production, organizing production of food and goods to meet people's needs rather than the bottom line of corporations who produce regardless of the cost to the environment -- these are the most urgent steps needed to reverse climate change. But this requires making people's right to survive above the rights of the capitalists to make a profit."

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

Mass incarceration and racist policing are symptomatic of the 400 years of brutal repression meted out to African-descended peoples in the U.S. and the genocide committed against the Native nations. Reparations must be paid to the African American and Native communities! More than 2.2 million people are behind bars in the largest prison complex in the world. End mass incarceration of oppressed and all working class people. Fully prosecute all acts of police brutality and violence."
Socialists understand that the components of the US criminal “justice” system--the prisons, the jails and the courts--are integral parts of the capitalist state apparatus. The state serves as a means of ruling-class repression against the working class. Under capitalism, prisons are concentration camps for the poor and the unemployed. The LaRiva/Puryear PSL Presidential Campaign demands the elimination of the racist criminal “justice” system and the prison-industrial complex."

ROCQUE "ROCKY" DE LA FUENTE - ALLIANCE PARTY

Name: Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente Guerra
Born: October 10, 1954 (age 66)
Home state: California
Education: National Autonomous University of Mexico, Anahuac University (Mexico City)
Website: rocky101.com
Running mate: Darcy Richardson
Ballot access: On ballot (purple): 16 states (186 electoral votes), Write-in (light purple): (4 states, 43 electoral votes)

Bio: Another perennial candidate, millionaire businessman "Rocky" De La Fuente ran for president in 2016. He has also run for mayor of New York City, U.S. House in California, and U.S. Senate in nine different states. De La Fuente has been a member of numerous political parties, including the American Delta Party, which he founded. De La Fuente is a businessman who has owned car dealerships, banks, assisted living facilities, and currency exchanges. De La Fuente was raised in Mexico and the United States. He earned a B.S. in physics and mathematics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico. De La Fuente also studied at Anahuac University in Mexico City.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Economy/Jobs:

The government cannot create jobs, but it can influence the economic environment. We need to rebalance the relationship between regulation, taxation, and economic expansion so that the private sector can create new jobs and attract old ones that have migrated overseas. This will expand the tax base as well as the economy and allow us to begin working down the debt that will otherwise suffocate our country in years to come. It will also provide individuals with the opportunity to pursue upward to mobility, which has been “missing in action” for far too many years."
I would like to create an environment that actually support the concept of equal opportunity as opposed to just playing lip service to it. I would also like to see us find a way to finance education for those who need such assistance. We have created economic barriers in our upper educational system that make it cost prohibitive for some individuals to pursue their dreams. This discourages those individuals and also prevents our country from enjoying the full range of talent these individuals have to offer."

Healthcare:

We must focus on the three original goals of health care reform – lower cost, maintained or improved quality, and open access. The ACA ultimately only focused upon the access issue because of the political capital it carries with it. However, if you don’t address cost and quality, you will have provided access to a systemically poor approach. We must readdress health care reform in a way that addresses cost and quality along with access. For example, substantive tort reform needs to be included in the discussion because of the way it distorts costs. Pharmaceutical advertising should also be on the table since it disproportionately adds cost without improving quality. Catastrophic insurance coverage would probably be the best starting, point to begin the reassessment. Then we could upon that to ensure operational efficiency while minimizing the potential for abuse. There isn’t any reason cannot deliver quality healthcare to every American."

Immigration:

We need comprehensive immigration reform that recognizes undocumented workers to be assets rather than liabilities. It isn’t logical to suggest that we can deport 13 million immigrants any more than it’s logical to suggest that we cannot deport the small percentage who have committed felonies. We can secure our borders without abandoning the values upon which our nation was built. The first step is to admit that our current system of immigrations is broken. Then, we must create a more intelligent, effective and efficient way of welcoming immigrants to our borders and providing them with a clear path to citizenship."

Climate Change/Environment:

We need to orchestrate an intelligent approach to address our energy and environmental issues. They need to be considered together rather than discussed as if they were independent of one another. We are stewards of our planet, and we bear the responsibility to preserve the environment to the degree that we reasonably can. We cannot ignore science but we musts recognize that it is a two-edged sword. While we cannot deny mankind’s contribution to climate change, we also have to acknowledge that our attempts to mitigate the damage we do is driven by."

DON BLANKENSHIP - CONSTITUTION PARTY

Name: Donald Leon Blankenship
Born: March 14, 1950 (age 70)
Home state: West Virginia
Education: Marshall University
Website: donblankenship.com
Running mate: William Mohr
Ballot access: On ballot (magenta): 18 states (166 electoral votes), Write-in (light purple): (4 states, 37 electoral votes)

Bio: Called by some "the most-hated man in West Virginia," the former CEO of coal giant Massey Energy, Don Blankenship spent one year in prison for willfully violating safety standards in the 2010 Upper Big Branch Mine Explosion that killed 29 people. Blankenship was the first person not in the Massey family to run the company, which he joined in 1982. Blankenship has been an outspoken voice supporting the coal industry while speaking out against unions and environmental groups. In 2011, after the mine disaster, Blankenship went to work for a coal company in Kentucky.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Jobs/Economy:

We must eliminate the debt in the shortest reasonable time by: Not spending more than collected revenues; Paying interest as it accrues; and Making annual reductions in the principal. We could eliminate the debt more rapidly by selling certain lands and other federal assets, including foreign military bases, and applying the proceeds exclusively to debt reduction."

Healthcare:

The Constitution Party opposes the governmentalization and bureaucratization of American medicine. Government regulation and subsidy constitutes a threat to both the quality and availability of patient-oriented health care and treatment. Hospitals, doctors, and other health care providers should be accountable to patients – not to politicians, insurance bureaucrats, or HMO Administrators. We denounce any civil government entity using age or any other personal characteristic to: preclude people and insurance firms from freely contracting for medical coverage; conscript such people into socialized medicine, e.g., Medicare; or prohibit these people from using insurance payments and/or their own money to obtain medical services in addition to, or to augment the quality of, those services prescribed by the program."

Immigration:

We affirm the integrity of the international borders of the United States and the Constitutional authority and duty of the federal government to guard and to protect those borders, including the regulation of the numbers and of the qualifications of immigrants into the country. We oppose the abuse of the H-1B and L-1 visa provisions of the immigration act which are displacing American workers with foreign. We favor a moratorium on immigration to the United States, except in extreme hardship cases or in other individual special circumstances, until the availability of all federal subsidies and assistance be discontinued, and proper security procedures have been instituted to protect against terrorist infiltration. We oppose the provision of welfare subsidies and other taxpayer-supported benefits to illegal aliens. We oppose any extension of amnesty to illegal aliens. We call for the use of U.S. troops to protect the states against invasion."

Climate Change/Environment:

We call for repeal of federal wetlands legislation and the federal Endangered Species Act. I don't know how we let the enviros and the humanitarians off the hook, that they continue to stymie the development of other countries. You've got people dying of preventable disease every day, and yet we're getting ready to spend billions of dollars on climate change."
"I think [carbon pollution] all a hoax and a Ponzi scheme. I can't find any logic to the fact that the climate is actually changing any more because of man than it would without man."

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

Note there is no exception to these rights provided for war or the threat of public danger, such as terrorism. Illusive, undeclared wars, such as the “War on Terror” or the “War on Drugs” are not grounds to violate our liberties. We deplore and vigorously oppose legislation and executive action that deprive the people of their rights secured under the Fourth and Fifth Amendments under the guise of “combating terrorism” or “protecting national security.” Examples of such legislation are the National Security Act, the USA PATRIOT Act, the subsequent USA FREEDOM Act, the Military Commissions Act, the National Defense Authorization Act and especially the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. We further oppose any other governmental action that would deprive persons of life, liberty or property without due process of law."

BROCK PIERCE - INDEPENDENT

Name: Brock Pierce
Born: November 14, 1980 (age 39)
Home state: Minnesota
Education: None
Website: brock.vote
Running mate: Karla Ballard
Ballot access: On ballot (green): 15 states + D.C. (115 electoral votes), Write-in (light green): (5 states, 51 electoral votes)

Bio: Brock Pierce is best known for his career as a child actor in Disney films, most notably the "Mighty Ducks" franchise and "First Kid." Pierce retired from acting as a teenager to establish Digital Entertainment Network, a late-1990s dot-com internet video company that is no longer in existence. Pierce is also known as being one of the wealthiest cryptocurrency people in the world with Forbes estimating his worth between $700 million and $1.1 billion. Pierce is using his entrepreneurial skill set as a selling point during his presidential campaign.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Jobs/Economy:

America’s extremely high levels of debt contribute to economic volatility and inequity while reducing our resilience as a nation. With unprecedented levels of consumer, corporate, and national debt, our country is experiencing a major debt crisis in need of effective government action. By choosing to focus on satisfying the interests of corporate lobbyists, the two-party establishment has neglected the needs and future of the American people.
We can continue on the path we’ve been on by electing representatives of the two-party system, continuing the current cycle of government dysfunction and division. Or, we can elect independent, visionary, and effective leaders with action plans to solve the problems we face as a country. Our campaign is dedicated to improving the lives of all Americans through effective policies that will increase the net worth and quality of life of every U.S. citizen. A necessary step to achieving this is fixing our nation’s debt crisis. Through responsible fiscal and economic policies, we will strengthen the American economy to benefit all of our lives and the lives of future generations.

Healthcare:

Despite being the wealthiest nation in the world and spending more than any other nation on healthcare, the U.S. has the worst healthcare outcomes out of the top 11 developed countries in the world. One of the main contributing factors to poor healthcare outcomes and overall healthcare quality is the lack of adequate healthcare coverage for a significant percentage of the American population. In 2018, there were 27.9 million people without healthcare insurance in the U.S., a total increase of approximately 500,000 from the year before. Our campaign is committed to improving the quality of life and the lifespan of every American by upgrading our healthcare system. Providing an effective single-payer public healthcare option reduces the number of uninsured and underinsured Americans to zero, thereby improving overall healthcare quality and outcomes nationwide. Using technologies like blockchain allows us to redesign how healthcare and medical data are both stored and shared, improving transparency, data protection, and accessibility. By more effectively governing the health insurance, hospital, and pharmaceutical industries, we will eliminate waste, corruption, and overspending. In the process, we will reduce healthcare costs and improve healthcare quality."

U.S. Currency Strategy:

Unofficially acting as the world’s standard currency, the U.S. dollar is the currency of choice for almost 40% of the world’s debt and over 60% of all foreign bank transactions. According to recent analyses, the global supremacy of the U.S. dollar is at risk due to the global economic slowdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic as well as U.S. government mismanagement, protectionist economic and trade policies, and a decline in U.S. consumer saving. To protect our nation’s thriving economy and currency, we will implement solutions across key areas, including fiscal and monetary policy, international diplomacy, and trade relations. Monetary easing is one option, such as by lowering interest rates and deposit ratios to increase credit availability. Quantitative easing is another option, such as the U.S. government purchase of bonds and other assets to increase economic activity. With monetary policies that reduce both monetary easing and quantitative easing to increase liquidity in the economy, we intend to strengthen the US dollar. With directed, well-planned diplomatic efforts, we will work to improve relations with geopolitical foes such as China and Russia, as well as with our key allies."

Technology:

To remain a global leader in innovation, our political representatives must not only be both aware and knowledgeable about technology but also be pioneers in the use of technology. Technology and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are radically reshaping our economy and our world. While robots and machines have begun replacing jobs in a variety of industries and our military continues to develop and deploy drones and robots for warfare, our government remains inadequately educated, prepared, and informed of the effects of technology on society. For example, an analysis from Oxford University estimated that automation through technology will replace nearly 50% of jobs in the U.S. over the two decades."
Leading America into the 21st century, my administration will work to ensure that the changes technology is bringing about in our society benefit every American. We will increase and strengthen America’s cyber electronic security defenses in coordination with our key allies. We will improve our nation’s school system and government to help Americans be well versed in and make effective use of technology. Lastly, we will incentivize and promote the development of key technologies and solutions that allow us to thrive in the 21st century."

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

America has the highest incarceration rate in the world, both in total and per capita. With approximately 4.4% of the world’s population, American prisons incarcerate 22% of the world’s prisoners. Many of those incarcerated have mental illnesses and are being mistreated and abused in our current prison system. 2 million people with mental illnesses are jailed each year in America."
To stop crime at the root, we will support community centers and local community services as well as cultural and educational programs within vulnerable communities. My administration will develop new economic opportunities for communities that are affected by crime, police brutality, and poverty. We will also work to improve transportation, housing, parks, and infrastructure in urban and rural communities that are suffering from crime and poverty. To create accountability in policing, those involved in police brutality or excessive use of force will be prosecuted by a local district attorney and investigated by non-local law enforcement. To increase transparency in policing, my administration will mandate body-cams on all police and law enforcement officers. Lastly, we will mandate sensitivity, de-escalation, and civil liberties training for all police and law-enforcement officers who are in contact with the public. Under my administration, U.S. law enforcement and police will be evaluated not on the number of arrests made but on the health and well-being of the communities they serve."

JADE SIMMONS - INDEPENDENT

Name: Jade Simmons
Born: November 27, 1977 (age 42)
Home state: South Carolina/Illinois
Education: Northwestern University (undergraduate degree), Rice University (masters degree)
Website: OperationRestoration2020.com
Running mate: Claudeliah Roze
Ballot access: On ballot (orange): 2 states (15 electoral votes), Write-in (purple): 37 states + D.C. (422 electoral votes)

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Bio: Jade Simmons began her career about as far away from politics as possible as a classical pianist. Before that, in 1999, she was crowned Miss Chicago and then Miss Illinois. She would later go on to be the first runner-up at the 2000 Miss America pageant. Simmons credits an "artistic epiphany" for her transition from pianist to a highly-sought, inspirational keynote speaker. Simmons has performed piano at the White House and Supreme Court. She says she plays everything from "Rachmaninoff to rap" as part of her efforts to attract a diverse audience. Simmons cites partisanship as a major reason why she is running for president as an independent, saying she wants to be a bipartisan president. Her campaign is called "Operation Restoration" which has the slogan "One Nation. Under God. Indivisible." Simmons says she believes in the separation of church and state and says that she wants to use her Christian principles to guide

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Economy/Jobs:

The disparities between the rich and the poor in our nation are ungodly when we are indeed able to do so much more to rectify these inequalities. Our economic policies work to ensure that our free market economy puts its money where its messaging is! It's time now to actually provide more access to opportunity for all people, beginning with a higher minimum wage and closing the gap between wage workers and CEO's making 1,000x's their employees. We must become a producer nation that can fend for itself and we must bring our corporations home to provide more jobs.

Healthcare:

In a day and age where pandemics might become the norm and where the most impoverished will always be at greater risk, we must now settle on the fact that healthcare should not be a luxury, it is a necessity for all. Ironically, refusing to make sure every American has access to healthcare has cost us greatly, leaving us with the highest healthcare costs in the world! While both sides have been fighting over this issue, with one side demanding universal healthcare while the other works to repeal what currently exists, Americans are still dying in the meantime."

Immigration:

I believe this nation is a nation of immigrants and one of our purpose is as a nation is to welcome the poor and the huddled masses, but we have to do so with order and we have to do so humanely. One of the things we have to do is improve the conditions at the border in the first place, improve the facilities at the border. I don’t think doing that disallows us from having strong national security. We just had a tunnel built underground by some drug lords there and we had access to that information mostly because of intel we got from Israel, believe it or not, we were able to catch that. But that tells you a wall is not all we need, we’re going to need some much more sophisticated technology to really catch the criminals that are crossing the border. For those seeking asylum, I look to make sure the asylum process is not overcomplicated. That they understand what’s being said to them. If you could see just the red tape behind the scenes for people seeking asylum in this nation. I believe America has the heart and the space to continue to welcome immigrants and I think we can do that orderly. I think we also have to aim towards assimilation. Language is going to be key, people will have to speak English in order for us to communicate but they should be able to bring their culture with them, to bring their faith with them, we’re a land of religious freedom. What they cannot do though is, say, for instance, a case of Sharia Law. If you bring new law here, that’s different, because now that law is in friction with American Law. I do think we can do this powerfully and generously, and it must be done in order and I believe that’s what the majority of Americans want.”

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

My concern is the current president and his attempts to focus on the law and order aspect of the times is disregarding the really powerful opportunity we have to deal with some historical issues, intentions. My other concern is that Vice President Joe Biden is not going to speak as powerfully and as frankly, that we’ll end up resorting to symbolism or pandering instead of finding real solutions. What I’m looking forward to doing now is finding a new lane of conversation that allows us to talk about how we unify as Americans as a whole and still serve the needs of historically underserved people groups. I know that these things are important to many Americans and we’re all tired of the divisive rhetoric that doesn’t even allow us to have the productive conversation that these times call for."

"Operation Restoration:"

I think what everybody can recognize right now, no matter which side of the political aisle they stand on, is that our nation has been ripped to shreds by division. So, we look to restore the emotional, the spiritual, the social fabric of our nation that we feel has been ripped by the hyper-partisanship. This is the most divided we’ve ever been, politically. But the truth is when you speak to the average American on the street, you’ll find that 60% of Americans don’t really feel at home in either of the two political parties. So Operation Restoration serves as this resting place for the politically homeless who are looking for new solutions but don’t believe we have to do it by demonizing each other."

KANYE WEST - BIRTHDAY PARTY

Name: Kanye Omari West
Born: June 8, 1977 (age 43)
Home state: Illinois
Education: Chicago State University (dropped out)
Website: kanye2020.country
Running mate: Michelle Tidball
Ballot access: On ballot (blue): 12 states (84 electoral votes), Write-in (light blue): (5 states, 51 electoral votes)

Bio: Arguably the most baffling addition to the 2020 presidential election, rapper Kanye West is trying to sell America on his "2020 Vision." Many people mocked West when he made his presidential announcement, but the entertainer was able to get his name on the ballot in 12 states, with 5 more available for write-in votes. West admitted to Forbes that he is ignorant on issues such as foreign policy and taxes. The outspoken artist had previously endorsed Donald Trump for president, but West changed his mind because Trump "hid in a bunker" during protests. Many speculate West's campaign is just a publicity stunt to promote upcoming music.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

West does not list any stances on any issues on his campaign website. He does, however, list 10 bullet points, each accompanied with a Bible verse, under the header "Creating a Culture of Life," which states:

1. Restore faith and revive our Constitutional commitment to freedom of religion and the free exercise of one’s faith, demonstrated by restoring prayer in the classroom including spiritual foundations.

We will not hide the truth from our children, but will declare to the next generation His praises and wonder. Psalm 78:4

2. Restore the sound national economy. Reduce household debt and student loan debt.

God has plans to give us hope and a future. Jeremiah 29:11

3. Provide leadership to restructure our country’s education system to serve the most at-risk and vulnerable populations allowing the widest possible range of educational and vocational paths to job opportunities and career success.

Direct your children on the right path. Proverbs 22:6

4. Maintain a strong national defense, fully prepared, but not so quick to tie up our country’s young men and women in foreign quagmires that do not advance our national interest, and which last for decades.

Through God we shall do valiantly. Psalm 60:12

5. Reform the legal system to provide true justice, equitable for all citizens, regardless of race or ability to defend oneself in court. Recognize the disparity in verdicts and prison sentences, caused by the lack of financial resources or legal assistance.

There will not be differing weights and differing measures. Proverbs 20:10

6. Reform the approach to policing in a manner that treats all Americans the same, regardless of race, color, or ethnicity. Refocus police forces on real crime. Eliminate federal sentencing guidelines that tie the hands of judges, resulting in ridiculous sentences for the most minor offenses.

We will speak for those who cannot speak for themselves. Proverbs 31:8

7. Take care of the environment, diligently pursuing clean air and water as a national security priority and making renewables top priority.

The past is forgotten and everything can be new 2 Corinthians 5:17

8. Ensure that we always place Americans’ best interest first and foremost in dealing with foreign affairs. We must project strength, not aggression. We want trust, but we must also verify. We want fair trade, not one-sided deals that hurt American workers.

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. Matthew 5:9

9. Support faith-based groups to provide vital local services, giving communities a shared purpose in government.

We will provide ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works Hebrews 10:24

10. Creativity and the Arts can be an important source of innovation and development of other national strengths and resources.

He has given them skill in all kinds of work done. Exodus 35:35

BRIAN T. CARROLL - AMERICAN SOLIDARITY PARTY

Name: Brian T. Carroll
Born: December 15, 1949
Home state: California
Education: UCLA
Website: briancarroll.life
Running mate: Amar Patel
Ballot access: On ballot (orange): 8 states (66 electoral votes), Write-in (light orange): (24 states, 279 electoral votes)

Bio: Brian T. Carroll is an Evangelical Christian who is running on a "whole life" platform which he describes as "pro justice, pro peace, pro life, and pro Earth." A teacher by profession, Carroll got a bachelor's in history from UCLA before beginning his 44-year career as an educator, mostly teaching history to the seventh and eighth grades. Carroll spent nine years in Colombia teaching the children of Christian missionaries. Carroll is also an armature naturalist, having studies insects and spiders. in 2018, Carroll ran for California's 22nd congressional district, losing to incumbent Rep. Devin Nunes (R-CA). Carroll is running for the American Solidarity Party, which is a Christian democratic party.

WHAT THE CANDIDATE SAYS ABOUT TOP ISSUES

Jobs/Economy:

Even in a perfectly just economy, there will be haves and have nots, but the United States cannot continue to call itself a world leader and modern country when our wealth inequality rivals third world nations. We need to reconsider the way we allow economic rents (inefficiencies in speculation, management salaries, patent trolling, etc.) to create massive amounts of wealth transfer from labor and capital income to passive income."

Healthcare:

Federal and state governments should collaborate to guarantee universal healthcare by diverse means, including single-payer initiatives, direct subsidization of provider networks, subsidized education for medical professionals willing to work in rural areas, support for cost-sharing programs and mutual aid societies, home care grants, simplified regulation, and the easing of restrictions on the importation of prescription drugs."

Immigration:

I have spent 40 years as a classroom teacher, never knowing which of my students might be in the country without documents. In the farmlands around my little community, 80% to 90% of the field workers are estimated to be undocumented, yet these are the people who feed our country. We must find better policies to cover immigration. As a teacher, I also see how many of our educational practices are designed more to help technology and publishing companies sell their products than to serve our students, their families, and the communities where they will live as adults."

Climate Change/Environment:

We are responsible to care for the earth so that present and future generations can enjoy the benefits of a healthy environment, including clean air and water and the rich biodiversity that is our heritage. The American Solidarity Party rejects the notion that environmental stewardship requires either diminished workers’ rights or population control. Maintaining our environment will require individuals, businesses, and local communities taking responsibility for their contributions; however, due to the national and global nature of the environment, we see an appropriate role for our federal and state governments in adopting and enforcing evidence-based policies regarding pollution, climate change, and alternative forms of energy."

Criminal Justice/Civil Rights:

We have come a long way, just during my lifetime. As a child, I saw the news reports as President Eisenhower used the National Guard to walk American citizens to their rightful places in the neighborhood schools of Little Rock Arkansas. Our own state had legalized red-lining to keep minority home-buyers out of White neighborhoods. Poll taxes kept the poor from voting. We have managed to move many of the barriers from de jure violations of civil rights to de facto, but too many violations still exist. High rates of incarceration within minority communities, coupled with a system of private prisons, make me wonder if we have truly fulfilled the promise of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. The protections of the 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 14th Amendments are enjoyed by corporations at the same time that they fail to protect categories of natural persons, both born and pre-born. Just in the last three weeks, police shootings in both Tulare and Sacramento raise serious questions about how we train our officers, and the instructions we give them. I have families in my classroom, where one sibling is here legally and protected, while a brother or sister could be detained and deported on short notice. The list could go on. I don’t expect that we can ameliorate all of these civil rights issues in our lifetimes, but we must keep the goal ever in our sights."
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